Burkina Faso

2G Population Coverage93%
3G Population Coverage32%
4G Population Coverage0%
OTT PolicyNo
OTT RegulationNo
OTT TaxNo
SIM Card Registrations2008
Coverage Source: ITU Database July 2018
Map Source: Collins Bartholomew Mobile Coverage Explorer dataset

Overall annual mobile operator revenues in Burkina Faso have stayed roughly the same (Figure 1), while on-net voice and SMS traffic have shown strong growth (Figures 2 and 3).

Mobile Internet users increased at the same time (Figure 5) except for Q3 of 2018, when Telcel reported a drop in Internet subscribers of 52.5% and Orange of 11% (Table 3). The decline in Internet users coincided with a drop in revenues for this quarter, demonstrating how important data revenues are for overall revenues. With OTT use correlated to data use, it further demonstrates the importance of OTTs for mobile revenues.

The growth in voice and SMS traffic volumes as well as Internet users shows that OTTs are a complement, not a functional substitute, even for people with smartphones. People that live outside 3G or 4G coverage areas or only have 2G connectivity or can only afford a basic handset, cannot use the public Internet and thus OTTs.